Peace Lutheran Church for the Deaf
6404 East 46th Street, Indianapolis, Indiana
Indiana District Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod
Rev. Rork will teach bible class (Martin Luther 95 Theses page 11 #1-4) at Peace Lutheran Church for the Deaf, 6404 E. 46th St., Indianapolis, IN 46226 at 9:15 a.m., Sunday March 4.
Rev. Rork taught Martin Luther 95 Theses from lesson 1-4 last February 18 and lesson 5-8 last March 4.
1. When our Lord and Master, Jesus Christ, said "Repent", He called for the entire life of believers to be
one of repentance.
[Revised statement: When our Lord and Master, Jesus Christ, said "Repent", He means for us to
change our way of thinking and act in all parts of our lives as He would have us act.]
(Matthew 4:17) From that time Jesus began to preach, saying, "Change your hearts and lives,
because the kingdom of heaven is near."
2. The word (repent) cannot be properly understand as referring to the sacrament of penance, i.e.
confession and satisfaction, as administered by the clergy.
[Revised statement: The word "repent" is not part of the sacrament of penance as taught by the
pastor, (that is, confession and satisfaction).]
[The sacrament of penance is a sacrament of the Roman Catholic Church then and now]
(Matthew 16:24) Then Jesus said to his followers, "If any of you want to be my follower, you must stop
thinking about yourself and what you want. You must be willing to carry the cross that is given to you
for following me.
3. Yet its meaning is not restricted to repentance in one's heart; for such repentance is null unless it
produces outward signs in various mortifications of the flesh.
[Revised statement: The meaning of "repent" is not just how you feel in your heart; that way of
repenting is without value unless you also show it by how you act.]
(Romans 12:1) God wants us to offer ourselves, not animals, as living sacrifices - daily laying aside
our own desires to follow him and trust him to guide us. We do this out of gratitude that our sins have
4. As long as hatred of self abides (i.e. true inward repentance) the penalty of sin abides, namely, until
we enter the kingdom of heaven.
[Revised statement: As long as you know that you sin, the punishment for sin stays - all your life until
you enter heaven.]
(Romans 6:6) The power and penalty of sin died with Christ on the cross. Our "old man (Adam)," our
sinful nature, died once and for all, so we are freed from its power.
5. The pope has neither the will nor the power to remit any penalties beyond those imposed
either at his own discretion or by canon law.
[Revised statement: The pope does not have the ability to take away any punishment for sin
other than the punishment he has given or that church law has required.]
(1 Corinthians 11:31) If we would judge ourselves, God would not need to correct us. But
when Christians are unwilling to do this self-examination, God Himself will chasten them.
6. The pope himself cannot remit guilt, but only declare and confirm that it has been remit by
God; or, at most, he can remit it in cases reserved to his discretion. Except for these cases, the
guilt remains untouched.
[Revised statement: The pope by himself cannot take away guilt, but only say and confirm that
it has been taken way by God; or, at most, he can take it away in cases set aside for his own
(Isaiah 43:25) I am the one who wipes away all your sins. I do this to please myself. I will not
remember your sins.
7. God never remit guilt to anyone without, at the same time, making him humbly submissive to
the priest, His representative.
[Revised Statement: God never takes away guilt to anyone unless that person is really listening
to the priest, God's representative.]
(Matthew 16:19) I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. What you lock on earth
will be locked in heaven. What you unlock on earth will be unlocked in heaven.
8. The penitential canons apply only to men who are still alive, and, according to the canons
themselves, none applies to the dead.
[Revised statement: The church laws about repenting apply only to people who are still alive;
the church laws say that they do not apply to people who are dead.]
(Romans 7:1) All of you understand he law of Moses. So surely you know that the law rules
over people only while they are alive.
Rev. Alan D. Rork